Turner paintings include some of the finest British art ever seen, with JMW (Joseph Mallord William) Turner establishing himself as crucial to the rise of the Romanticist art movement across Britain.
The contributions of Turner helped to bring about much greater international recognition and interest in British painters who previously had lagged behind those from France, Italy and Spain in terms of legacy and innovation.
Turner's skills were not only technically solid but the artist also helped to bring new ideas into European art through his innovative ideas and it was unusual to see a British artist at this time influencing so many others.
William Turner and John Constable are generally regarded as the best British painters from the 18th and 19th century and had a massive impact in persuading art academics that landscape painting was a skilled and worthwhile approach that was worthy of respect.
Previously there had been much less interest in landscape painting and their influence was needed to bring it more into the mainstream alongside accepted alternatives like portraits and religious depictions.
John Constable was equally skilled, technically, but was not as innovative and original as JMW Turner which is why the latter's legacy should remain stronger.
Turner's love for landscape painting is shown in the distinct lack of any other style of painting from his entire career, which is also the case with John Constable. Turner spent all his time he had in developing and experimenting within his landscape works to get as good an understanding of light as he could.
Turner was particularly interested by the effect of light and also weather on the objects within the scene.